Yachting Croatia

ISSA Certificate Training Programs

YACHT CREW:

1. General requirements
- Experience required prior training: None
- Certification required prior training: None
- Minimum age required: 10 years old
- Suggested number of training hours: 20 hours (minimum 3 days)
- Who can run the training: ISSA Instructor or minimum Offshore Skipper
- Who can do the examination: ISSA Instructor or minimum Offshore Skipper
- How to sibmit the application: Only through authorized ISSA school

2. Skills and knowledge required 
Yacht's construction
• Knows the basic parts of yacht and what are the designed for:
      Cockpit;
      Bildge;
      Heads;
      Galley;
      Bow;
      Stern, aft etc.
      Boom;
      Mast;
      Rigging;

Haulyards.
• Can operate elementary yacht's systems:
      Toilet;
      Gass oven;
      Sink;
      Shower; 
 
• Can fill up the water and diesel tanks;
• Can operate the inboard engine;
      Start it;
      Switch it off;
      Check whether cooling system works;
      Inspection before starting. 

Line and spring handling
• Can combine two lines of the same and different diameter;  
• Can make:
      Bowline;
      Fast a line on a cleat;
      Fishermen's bend;
      Coil mooring lines; 
 
• Can:
      Hand over,
      Take,
      Make fast on cleat;
      Let go mooring lines;

• Can describe different ways of taking a mooring. 
 
Handling sail sheets and haulyards
• Can:
      Set and bring down the sails;
      Reef down and shake off the reefs. 

Handling fenders
• Can:
      Fix them by applying adequate knots:
      effectively operate the manouvering fender: 

Operating the anchor.
• Can:
      Prepare anchor for weighing (switches and controls)
      Operate the windlass (letting out and taking in the chain) 
 
Operating the dinghy.
• Can:
      Take the dinghy off the deck and pull it in onto the deck;
      Secure the dinghy to the yacht;
      Use paddles effectively;
      Secure the dinghy to the deck. 

Safety.
• Can:
      Safely move arround the deck;
      Use the safety equipement;
      Use the distress singalling equipment (pirotechnics, mirror, flags etc.);
      Use the fire fighting equipment (fire extinguishers – with consideration of various types available, fire blanket);
      Apply various methods to make a distress signal (at least 4 methods).  

Other skills
• Can:
      Keep observation of the sailing area and pass over information about the direction and distance to objects;
      Knows the lights of their own yacht in the night;
      Make adequate signals in fog (under sails, under power);
      Effectively hold the helm. 


INLAND SKIPPER

1. General requirements
- Experience required prior training: None
- Minimum age required: 16 years old  
- Equipment requirements: Cabin yachts with central board
- Suggested number of training hours: 14 hours theory + 17.5 hours practice
- Who can run the training: ISSA  Inland Sail Instructors
- Who can do the examination: ISSA Inland Sail Instructors
- How to submit the application: To authorised ISSA school only
- Qualifications obtained after the course:
       Skipper inland waters sailing yachts:      
            - up to 15 m long (with inboard outboard engine)      
            - day time
            - conditions up to 6 B degrees
            - on all inland waters and up to 2 mile from shore at sea waters 
 
 
2. Skills and knowledge required 
Boat's construction – 1h theory
• Knows the basic terminology of a  boat:
     ◦ Bow;
     ◦ Stern, aft, etc;
     ◦ Boom;
     ◦ Mast;
     ◦ Shackle;
     ◦ Names of sails;
     ◦ Basic parts, depending on the yacht in use.
• Can fill up the water and fuel tanks.
• Types of power boats, types of engine units.
• Can operate the engine.
      ◦ Start is;
      ◦ Switch it off;
      ◦ Check operation of cooling system;
      ◦ Check oil level;
      ◦ Check whether alternator is charging batteries when engine is working. 
 
• Knows elementary equipment of yacht: ◦
Log;
     ◦ Steering system;
     ◦ Central board;
     ◦ Steering;
     ◦ Mast folding equipment. 

Line and spring handling – 1h theory + 1h practice
• Can combine two lines of the same and different diameter;  
• Can make:
     ◦ Bowline;
     ◦ Fast a line on a cleat;
     ◦ Fishermen's bend;
     ◦ Coil mooring lines; 
• Can:
     ◦ Pass, take, make fast on cleat, let go mooring lines;
     ◦ Throw mooring lines;
     ◦ Describe different ways of taking a mooring. 
 
Handling Finders – 30 min theory + 30min practice
• Can:
     ◦ Fix the fenders using adequate knots;
     ◦ Effectively apply the manouvering fender;  
 
Operating the anchor – 1h theory + 2 hrs practice
• Can:
     ◦ Prepare the anchor for weighing;
     ◦ Select safe location for staying at anchor;
     ◦ Apply rules for safe anchoring (4xdepth, anchor alarm);
     ◦ Distinguish different types of anchors and their characteristics. 

 Safety – 1.5 hrs theory
• Can:
◦ Perform the safety briefing:
     • How to move on deck;
     • How to apply personnal safety equipment (harness, jackstay, etc.);
     • Apply distress signalling equipment (pyrotechnics, flags, etc.);
     • Different methods to send distress signal;
     • Knows procedures to be applied in restricted visibility;
     • First Aid Kit (location and content). 

Handling boat under Power - 30 min theory + 4 hrs practice
• Can:
     ◦ Launch and recover a boat;
     ◦ Manouver a boat under power;
     ◦ Approach a MOB;
     ◦ Take a berth/leave a berth (longside, stern-to, bow-to);
     ◦ Weigh anchor. 
 
Handling yacht under Sail – 30min theory + 10hrs practice
• Can:
      Manouver a yacht under sail  (tack,gybe);
      Approach a MOB. 

CEVNI regulations – 1h theory
• Knows the signs applicable on inland waters;
• Knows the bouyage on inland waters;
• Knows the navigation shapes and lights:
• Knows the vessels' priority;
• Knows how to proceed in a „close encounter” situation;
• Is familiar and complies with the requirement for continues observation;
• Is familiar with other legal obligations of a skipper and crew;
• Is familiar with and understands after-collision rules.
• Local regulations.  
 
Pilotage – 75min theory
• Knows: ◦
Distinction of water routes (on rivers, on lakes etc);
     ◦ Typical hydrographic constructions;
     ◦ Charts, pilot books and descriptions of inland waterways.  

Meteorology – 75min theory
• Knows the Beaufort scale and its meaning for small craft;
• Knows sources of meteo information and how to use them;
• Has the basic knowledge about high, low pressure areas, fronts;  
• Can recognize cumulonimbus clouds;
• Understands meteo messages (including those broadcast by radio coastal stations)
• Can take meteo factors into consideration when planning a passage in a coastal zone:
• Has the habit not to leave harbour without valid weather forecast.
• Squals. 

Other – 1h theory
• Environmental friendly approach and respect to other yachtsmen and women;
• Knows and applies basic pro-environmental rules;  
• Knows and applies social friendly approach at sea and in harbor;
• Cabin yachts with central board. 
 
INSHORE SKIPPER

1. General requirements
Experience required prior training: At least one sailing cruise (60hours)
Minimum age required: 16 years old  
Certification required prior training: None
Suggested number of training hours: 15.5 hours theory + 34.5hours practice
Who can run the training: ISSA Sea Sail Instructors
Who can do the examination: ISSA Sea Sail Instructors
How to submit the application: To authorised ISSA school only 
 
2. Skills and knowledge required
Yacht's construction – 2 hrs theory + 1h practice
• Knows the basic parts of yacht and what are the designed for:
      Cockpit;
      Bildge;
      Heads;
      Galley;
      Bow;
      Stern, aft, etc.
• Can operate elementary yacht's systems:
      Toilet;
      Gass oven;
      Sink;
      Shower.
• Can fill up the water and diesel tanks.
• Can operate the inboard engine;
      Start is;
      Switch it off;
      Check operation of cooling system;
      Check oil level;
      Top up engine oil;
      Check cooling fluid level;
      Top up cooling fluid level;
      Control the tension of V-belt on engine;
      Find bottom valves;
      Recognize the breakdown of impeller in cooling system and possibly replace it;
      Check whether alternator is charging batteries when engine is working. 

• Knows elementary equipment of yacht:
       Boom;
       Mast (with various methods of sail reefing);
       Rigging;
       Haulyards;
       Echosounder (location, operation, typical errors);
       Log;
       Steering system;
       Keel. 

Can name the points of sail in relation to wind 

Operating sail sheets and haulyards – 1h theory + 5 hrs practice
• Can:  
      Manage crew to set and bring down the sails;
      Manage the crew to reef down and shake off the reefs;
      Adjust sails depending on the point of sails;
      Make a tack;
      Make a gybe. 

Line and spring handling – 1h practice
• Can combine two lines of the same and different diameter;  
• Can make:
      Bowline;
      Fast a line on a cleat;
      Fishermen's bend;
      Coil mooring lines;
• Can:
       Pass, take, make fast on cleat, let go mooring lines;
       Throw mooring lines;
       Describe different ways of taking a mooring. 

Handling Finders – 30 min practice
• Can:
       Fix the fenders using adequate knots;
       Effectively apply the manouvring fender;  

Operating the anchor – 4 hrs practice
• Can:
       Prepare the ancher for weighing (switches and controls);
       Operate the windlass (control the letting out and pulling in of the chain);
       Select safe location for staying at anchor;
       Apply rules for safe anchoring (4xdepth, anchor alarm/watch);
       Distinguish different types of anchors and their characteristics. 
 
Handling the dinghy – 3 hrs practice
• Can:
      Inflate dinghy, take it off the deck and put it back on the deck;
      Secure the dinghy to the yachts;
      Paddle;
      Secure the dinghy on the deck of the yacht;
      Install the outboard engine on the yacht (for storage) and on the dinghy (for work);
      Connect the fuel system to the outboard engine;
      Start and switch off the outboard engine. 

Safety – 3 hrs practice
• Can:
- Perform the safety briefing:
• Under deck:
     » Gas system;
     » Toilet operation;
     » Fire fighting equipment;
     » Water supply system;
     » Electric system.
• On deck:
     » How to move on deck;
     » How to apply personnal safety equipment (harness, jackstay, etc.);
     » Apply distress singalling equipment (pirotechnics, flags, etc.);
     » Liferaft;
     » Different methods to send distress signal;
     » Make a distress call with help of VHF;
     » Knows procedures to be applied in restricted visibility;
     » Basic knowledge about SAR procedures (RIB, helicopter);
     » First Aid Kit (location and content). 

Handling yacht under Power – 30 min theory + 7 hrs practice
• Can:
      Manouver a yacht under power;
      Approach a MOB;
      Take a berth/leave a berth (longside, stern-to, bow-to);
      Weigh anchor. 

Handling yacht under sails – 30 min theory + 15 hrs practice
• Can:  
      Heave-to;
      Approach MOB – as emergency manouver;
      Approach a bouy/ weigh anchor – as emergency maneuver. 

International Rules for Preventing Collisions at Sea – 1h theory
• Knows the navigation shapes and lights:
      Vessel not under command;
      Vessel restricted in ability to manouver;
      Vessel engaged in fishing;
      Vessel aground;
      Pitol vessel;
      Towing set
      Sailing yacht;
      Power driven vessel;
• Knows the vessels' priority at sea;
• Knows how to proceed in a „close encounter” situation;
• Is familiar and complies with the requiremet for continues observation;
• Is familiar with other legal obligations of a skipper and crew;
• Is familiar with and understands after-collission rules applicable at sea. 
 
Navigational Aids – 1.5 hrs theory
•Knows, understands and is able to recognize latteral and smaller channel marks at day time in system IALA A and B;
• Knows, understands and is able to recognize cardinal marks and other navigational marks (safe water mark, isolated danger mark) at day time;  
• Is able to use the list of marks and symbols used on charts (eg. Chart 5011);
• Is able to apply navigational publications when planning a port's entry (pilot books, almanachs, navigational plans);  
• Knows and can recognize light characteristics of Lighthouses/navigational marks. 

Terrestrial navigation – 6 hrs theory
• Knows and understands the basic terms from geography:
      Latitude;
      Longitude;
      Magnetic pole;
      Gegraphic pole;
      Earth's magnetic field;
• Knows the basic types of sea charts, their construction and application:
      Mercator's projection chart (how is it constructed, spreading of parallels, construction parallel)
      Passage charts, coastal charts, plans;
• Can read elementary information from a chart that is crutial for safe sailing:
      Depths;
      Distance;
      Navigational obstacles
      Navigational marks;
• Can read charts/ plot latitude and longitude;
• Knows and understands the phenomenon of Earth's magnetism, variation and deviation;
• Can use a compass;
• Can calculate, set, read and plot courses on a chart with respect of variation, deviation and leeway;
• Can plot yacht's position using bearing lines;
• Can plot yacht's position using the maintained course, distance ran and estimated leeway;
• Can make use of various bearing lines;
• Has general information about tides and tide-related dangers. 

Eletronic-based navigation – 1h theory + 4 hrs practice
• Knows how the GPS system works;
• Can enable and check the elementary settings of  GPS and plotter;
• Can set and read adequate course on GPS;
• Can plot a position on a chart taken from a GPS;
• Knows what is AIS, ARPA, VTS. 

Meteorology – 1h theory
• Knows the Beaufort scale and its meaning for small craft;
• Knows sources of meteo information and how to use them;
• Has the basic knowledge about high, low pressure areas, fronts;  
• Can recognize cumulonimbus clouds;
• Understands meteo messages (including those broadcast by radio coastal stations)
• Can take meteo factors into consideration when planning a passage in a coastal zone:
• Has the habit not to leave harbour without valid weather forecast. 

Other – 1h theory
• Environmental friendly approach and respect to other yachtsmen and women;
• Knows and applies basic pro-environmental rules;  
• Knows and applies social friendly approach at sea and in harbour.  

 

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